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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20\pvpara\phmrg\posnegx-25\posnegy-126\absw0\absh-425\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex51\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs37 254}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li860\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 PATALIPUTRA : STATE OF SOCIETY}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb184\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 for three years, learning Sanskrit. He mentions that \expndtw4 it had two "imposing and elegant" monasteries\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 one \expndtw8 of the Hmayana and the other of the Mahayana-\expndtw9 tenanted by six or seven hundred monks, whose \expndtw2 learned expositions of the Law and disciplined life \expndtw-4 attracted seekers after knowledge from all parts of India. He felt amazed to see the splendour of ASoka's palace, \expndtw-1 which was extant at the time of his visit to Pataliputra, \expndtw-2 and was reputed to have been the work of superhuman \expndtw-3 agency. The wealth and prosperity of Magadha deeply \expndtw-2 impressed the pilgrim, and he says with admiration that \expndtw4 its inhabitants "vied with one another in the practice \expndtw7 of benevolence and righteousness." They organised \expndtw2 a grand procession of richly adorned images of the \expndtw0 Buddha and Bodhisattvas every year on the eighth day \expndtw-1 of the second month. These figures were carried on "perhaps twenty cars," all constructed according" to a \expndtw-3 certain pattern, but differently painted and decorated. \expndtw3 Fa-hian also testifies that "the heads of the Vaisya \expndtw-3 families establish houses for dispensing charity and \expndtw0 medicines." There was an excellent hospital, endowed \expndtw2 by nobles and householders, in the capital where the poor and destitute patients were supplied food and \expndtw-2 medicine free according to their needs. Besides, rest-\expndtw2 houses existed in large towns as well as on highways \expndtw-3 for the comforts of travellers.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li65\fi0\ri0\sb198\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 State of Society}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li58\fi439\ri11\sb209\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The pilgrim's account gives us some glimpses \expndtw-2 of the social conditions in Madhyadesa. It appears the \expndtw9 bulk of the people were vegetarian, and followed \expndtw-2 the principle of \i Ahimsd. \i0 They had "no shambles or \expndtw10 wine-shops in their market-places." They do not \expndtw12 keep pigs and fowls, nor do they eat onions and}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li734\fi0\ri0\sb263\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 d,, \i0 ch. xxvii, pp. Ivi-vii.}\par }